People use it every single day. It powers the modern lifestyle, and many people even take it for granted. However, a lot of people don’t know how electricity gets to their home, that’s why they let electric companies texas – Reliant Energy Company take care of it for them. Energy generation is a simple concept, but the way that electricity is delivered to homes can get a bit complex. After turning on the heater or television, most people never think about how electricity is delivered to their home. It’s obvious that electricity comes from an electrical outlet, but the electricity flowing through a household electrical outlet must first come from an energy company.
How It Works
The process of generating electricity and distributing it to thousands of paying customers is complex. When you consider that energy can be generated in many different ways, the process seems even more complex. Many electric companies use a variety of sources to generate electricity, which might include natural gas, coal and nuclear fuel. Before the electricity generated by a power plant ever reaches a home, it must travel through a distribution system that is very sophisticated.
Step Up the Voltage
The first step of the process is stepping up voltage. At most power plants, electricity is generated at an average of 20,000 volts. The electricity generated at a power plant is forced through a transformer that increases the voltage from 20,000 up to 138KV or 345KV. The purpose of stepping up the voltage is to ensure the electricity can easily travel long distances. Some electric companies have thousands of miles of transmission lines.
From Transmission to Delivery
All transmission lines carry electricity to various substations. Since electricity voltage is increased during the first step, it must be decreased before customers can receive it. Transformers decrease electrical voltage back to 34.5KV or 13.8KV, which enables the electricity to travel through small transmission lines. Eventually, it will find its way into commercial and residential structures.
The final step involves electricity being transferred through small transmission lines. Some areas have over 10,000 miles of transmission lines. Electric companies might send electricity through underground or overhead transmission lines. All of these transmission lines connect to various transformers. It’s the transformers that further reduce the electricity’s voltage, which makes it possible for the electricity to be delivered into homes and businesses. Wires that are called service drops are what transfer electricity from transformers to homes and businesses. All service drops connect to some type of meter box, which is what measures the amount of electricity a customer uses. The electrical wires that are located inside the walls of a home or building are always connected to a wire drop. This is the entire process that shows how electricity travels from electric companies to homes and businesses.